Ancient Egyptian civilization




Rosetta Stone:-
It was discovered in 1799 BC, and before it, archaeologists could not read the ancient Egyptians' blogs. The Egyptian civilization remained unknown to our time. The stone contained one text but three different lines arranged from top to bottom as follows: Hieroglyphic, Demotic and Greek. A French origin on a copy of the stone, and studied the texts written in it, and with the face of many hypotheses and difficulties and challenges declared in 1822 that he was able to decipher the ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics, and lay the foundations of the ancient Egyptian language Complete built after hundreds of researchers in the world, the stone content of it is the texts glorifying the Pharaoh of Egypt, and remember some of the achievements of the priests at that time.





Pyramids :-
The most important monuments of ancient Egyptian civilization were built pyramids and was established as tombs for the burial of the Pharaohs after death and you for their belief in the Baath in the new life after death, and were the tombs built of limestone base square shape, the Egyptians built the pyramids, and put treasures and decorations that The Pharaohs needed to survive and rest in the afterlife, and archaeologists considered that the reason for the existence of the stairs in the pyramids is that they are used to the pharaoh to the sun god, and built the Egyptians about 138 pyramids of varying size, the largest is the pyramid of Khufu in Giza .





Temples: -
 The temples were built to be houses of the Egyptian gods. There were two types: the temple of Coltos, where there were certain gods, and the funerary temple of the worship of the dead pharaohs, and over time the size of the temples became larger complexes and new pharaohs were added to each temple. For the belief of the Baath in the other life after death.

Debt:-
 The goddess of the sun, Ra, Osiris, the god of the dead and other gods, changed gradually with the change of the ages. They were placed in a closed place and were not shown to people except on certain occasions. For worship in houses, the Egyptians used miniature statues of the gods to worship As a god unto them, the Egyptians linked the afterlife with embalming to preserve the body after death.

Writing:-
 The hieroglyphic writing appeared in 3100 BC and is in the form of engraved and sacred symbols bearing the words of the gods and expressing the operative meaning and the symbols and sounds of drawing. The Egyptians thought that the source of this language is divine and not human-made. The Hieroglyphic is a Greek word composed of two sections, namely Hieros and its meaning, In the full sense of the Holy Scriptures, hieroglyphics remained in use until the late fourth century AD, with changes in some of their terms according to the evolution of time,
Astronomy: -



The discovery of the stone circles dating back to the fifth millennium BC was used to predict flooding in the Nile Valley. The Egyptians also set up a system of towers and also set up their own calendar system for days, months and years.




the art:-
 The ancient Egyptians were known for the art of tombs and murals, where they believed that life continued after death, so the pyramids were built in tombs and buried in tombs for the deceased to enjoy the luxury after death in the other life. Egyptian art is also represented in sculptures carved with rock and painted with metal. , And various engineering designs.
Economy:-
 Egypt's economy at the time was agriculture because of the fertility of the land in the Nile Valley. Its agricultural production was so great that the funds that were used for agriculture were used to build



the temples and pyramids of the pharaohs' kings. As for trade, the Nile helped greatly in its development. Markets on the banks of the river. The cost of transporting goods through the river was less than the cost of transport by land. Trade in the Bronze Age developed. The Nile became the focal point through which goods were transported from Africa to the Mediterranean. The Red Sea has been searching for valuable goods that give great value to Egypt's influence, such as ivory, gold, and black slaves.




the Nile river:-
 The life of ancient Egypt centered around the Nile River. Farmers changed irrigation methods to control water flow, allowing crops to grow either in dry or rainy seasons. The Nile Valley produced many crops because of the fertility of its lands. The money from agriculture was used to develop trade and pay. The floods, which took place in the river, were exploited by the Egyptians to irrigate the land for agriculture.





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