The most important tourist attractions in Egypt





The most important tourist attractions in Egypt
Egypt has many important and attractive monuments that are attractive tourist attractions for all interested in studying the history of the region from all over the world. One of the most important tourist attractions on this earth


Egypt is characterized by its strategic location; it overlooks the North on the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea, the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula to the east, bordered to the south by Sudan, and to the west by the Republic of Libya. Egypt is one of the largest countries with a total area of ​​1,001,450 km. It is the number 30 country in the world in terms of area. It also includes the Nile River, the longest river in the world.
 Depending on the vast area covered by Egypt, the terrain and geography vary from river to sea to desert







Egyptian Opera House:
The alternative to what was known as the Khedive Opera House was built during the Khedive Ismail period due to the official opening of the Suez Canal, but it was burned in 1971 from the birth.
Modern House was built in the 20th century in cooperation with Japan's International Cooperation Agency.

Khan Al-Khalily :-
Khan Al Khalili is one of the most famous Egyptian neighborhoods, located within the area known as Old Cairo. It is considered a very important tourist attraction in Cairo, the Egyptian capital. One of the most important features of this Khan is the existence of many important and vital bazaars, as well as many popular restaurants and cafes, which enriched this neighborhood and made it all this great value.

 Al Azhar mosque :-
Al-Azhar Mosque is considered one of the most important mosques, not only in Egypt, but also in the whole Islamic world. Al-Azhar has a great value throughout Islamic history. This great mosque was built by Jawhar al-Saqli, when it opened in the tenth century AD, and was ordered by the Fatimid caliph al-Mu'izz Ladinullah. The first prayer was held on 7 Ramadan 361 AH / 972 AD, and was the Friday prayer.






Giza Pyramids :-
 The pyramids of Giza are among the most important tourist and historical landmarks in Egypt, and one of the oldest monuments that still exist today. The pyramids of Giza consist of three pyramids: the pyramid of Khufu, the pyramid of Khafra, and the pyramid of Menqra.
The Pyramid of Khufu, the largest pyramid, is one of the seven ancient wonders of the world. The height of each side of the pyramid is 231 meters. The weight of each brick in the pyramid is 2.5 tons, while the weight of the pyramid is 6 million tons.
The pyramids are located in the Egyptian area of ​​Giza, in the western region of the Nile. The pyramids are considered one of the most important royal tombs in Egypt, which include the bodies of the pharaohs who ruled Egypt. More than 100 pyramids dating back to ancient pharaohs have been discovered so far. The pyramids were built between 2055 and 1650 BC, and the last pyramid was built between 1550 and 1525 BC.

Abu Simbel  :-
 Is an archaeological site containing two temples: the small temple, the great temple, carved in the rocks. The temples were built during the reign of Ramesses II in 1279-1213 BC. The construction of the temples is due to the commemoration of the victory of Pharaoh Ramses II in the battle of Kadesh, where the great temple of the god Ra-Horakhti, the god Ptah, and the pharaoh Ramses II were built. The small temple was built for the goddess Hathor, and Nefertiti, the wife of Ramses II the beloved.
 The temples are located in southern Egypt on the banks of the Nile. The temple contains four large statues sitting at the entrance to the temple; two on each side, representing Pharaoh Ramses II and his family and gods, each with a length of 20 meters, while the height of the temple 30 meters, and a length of 35 meters. The small temple, with six statues carved at its entrance, represents Ramses and his wife Nefertiti. The length of each statue is 10 meters, while the length of the temple is 28 meters.









Temple of Philae: -
Is a temple located in the city of Aswan. The temple was built for Isis by Pharaoh Ptolemy II, but was completed by the Roman kings. The temple tells the story of the goddess Isis, the wife of Pharaoh Osiris, where the goddess symbolizes funeral rituals and the gift of life. They are usually represented by a chair that carries them over their heads.
In reference to the location of the temple located in the far south of Egypt.

Abidos: -
It is one of the most ancient holy sites in Egypt, deriving its sanctity from being the center of worship of the god Osiris, as it was believed to be the gates of the underworld, a popular place for pilgrimage and burial. The site contains the temple of City I, the most famous monuments in it. Pharaoh City I began to build it, and completed his son Ramses II.
 The walls of the temple contain an antiquated inscription engraved on the walls of the temple, containing the names of 76 kings of the ancient kings of Egypt, which City I excavated to distinguish Pharaohs kings in ancient Egypt. The site also contains several temples dedicated to the worship of the god Osiris.
The temple is located in northern Upper Egypt.
 White Desert The White Desert is one of the most beautiful natural spots in the desert of Egypt and the most famous. The area is called the Farafra Oasis.
The area contains giant mushroom-shaped or cone-shaped rocks, formed by erosion and erosion. Tourists go to the white desert to camp there and watch the landscape.
 The site is located in the north-east of Egypt, it was an ancient ocean of water, but it dried completely, and formed sedimentary layers in white, which in turn formed the white desert.







Siwa Oasis: -
 One of the oldest historical areas in Egypt, it has won many titles throughout the ages; it was called Centria by the ancient Arabs, as well as the oasis of Jupiter-Amun, and the palm and santar fields by the ancient Egyptians. The site contains traces of houses that form a large gathering such as the courtyard.
In spite of Egypt's great cultural progress, Siwa continues to maintain its customs and traditions. The inhabitants speak their native language, Amazigh, along with Arabic, and women wear the traditional dress of the region.

 Sphinx: -
 One of the most famous tourist attractions in Egypt. The statue represents the body of a lion with the head of Pharaoh Egypt sculpted in the shape of a large statue, up to 73 meters, and height of 20 meters.
 It was built in the reign of King Khafra in about 2530 BC. The statue of the Sphinx is located next to the three pyramids of Giza. The statue is believed to have been built to protect Pharaonic tombs inside the Pyramids from evil spirits.








Valley of the Kings  :-
The Valley of the Kings' Gates is a site that houses the tombs of a number of ancient pharaohs and nobles and the wealth of the eighteenth, nineteenth, and twentieth dynasties.
The valley includes the tombs of many prominent pharaohs, including Tutankhamun, Citi I and Ramses II, as well as many queens. Cemeteries represent the preparation for the next life, containing all the tools that the pharaohs may need buried on their side. The valley is located on the bank of the West Nile next to the city of Luxor.

 Karnak Temple :-
 The Karnak Temple is a complex of ancient statues and temples, dating back to the reign of Pharaoh Ramses II. This area was the place of worship; it contains four main temples, one of the most famous temples and the largest of which is the temple of the god Amun. In addition to the temples, the site contains many ancient monuments and statues, as well as historical scenes from the battles fought by the Pharaohs with their enemies. Karnak Temple is located in the south of Egypt, near the city of Luxor.






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